Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) are conditions for which inpatient hospital admissions could potentially be avoided through better outpatient care. Using hospital inpatient discharge data from six states, this study examined the relationships between children’s inpatient hospitalizations for ACSCs, rural residence, poverty, health insurance, and physician supply. Admission rates for five conditions were examined: asthma, diabetes short-term complications, gastroenteritis, urinary tract infection and perforated appendix. Hospitalization rates for four of the five conditions are significantly higher for children living in rural areas than in urban areas. Condition-specific ACSC hospitalization rates for children also vary significantly across states, even after adjusting for rurality, poverty, uninsurance, and physician supply.
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